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Oncology reports

Jumonji domain containing 2A predicts prognosis and regulates cell growth in lung cancer depending on miR-150.


PMID 26498874

Abstract

Lung cancer has become the most common cancer worldwide, of which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for over 80%. Previous studies have shown that the Jumonji domain containing 2A (JMJD2A) was aberrantly expressed in various tumors and involved in the regulation of tumor progression, but the role of JMJD2A on the tumorigenesis in NSCLC and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In the present study, we first identified the expression of JMJD2A in NSCLC tissues and cell lines through quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blotting. Next, the effects of JMJD2A on the progression of NSCLC were analyzed. MTT assay was performed to measure the cell numbers and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) was adopted to evaluate cell apoptosis. Finally, the relationship between JMJD2A and miR-150 involved in NSCLC was studied. Our results suggested that JMJD2A was significantly overexpressed in NSCLC samples and cell lines. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that high level of JMJD2A predicted a poor prognosis. Knockdown of JMJD2A inhibited tumor growth and promoted cell apoptosis in NSCLC cells. Additionally, miR-150 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues and positively related with JMJD2A expression. Significant downregulation of miR-150 was observed with JMJD2A knockdown. Furthermore, JMJD2A knockdown inhibited NSCLC cell proliferation while the silencing of miR-150 attenuated the inhibition effect on cell proliferation, suggesting that the effect of JMJD2A on NSCLC cell growth was dependent on miR-150. Thus, our findings identified that JMJD2A played an oncogenic role in NSCLC via regulating miR-150. JMJD2A could possibly serve as a prognostic factor and potential target for NSCLC therapy.