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Journal of biological inorganic chemistry : JBIC : a publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel platinum complexes of imidazolyl-containing bisphosphonates as potential anticancer agents.


PMID 26531104

Abstract

Four novel platinum complexes, [Pt(en)]2ZL (1), [Pt(en)]2IPrBP (2), [Pt(en)]2MIBP (3) and [Pt(en)]2EIBP (4) [en = ethylenediamine; ZL = 1-hydroxy-3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethane-1,1-diylbisphosphonic acid, commonly known as zoledronic acid; IPrBP = 1-hydroxy-3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propane-1,1-diylbisphosphonic acid; MIBP = 1-hydroxy-2-(2-methyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethane-1,1-diylbisphosphonic acid; EIBP = 1-hydroxy-2-(2-ethyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethane-1,1-diylbisphosphonic acid], were prepared and evaluated against five human cancer cell lines, including U2OS, A549, HCT116, MDA-MB-231 and HepG2. While exhibiting lower efficacy on the inhibition of cancer cell lines than cisplatin (CDDP), four complexes showed higher cytotoxicity than the corresponding ligands and relatively stronger cytotoxic effect on the hepatoma cell lines HepG2, and the complex 1 showed higher cytotoxicity than others on the whole. These complexes have better selectivity than the corresponding ligands in inhibiting hepatocarcinoma cells rather than normal liver cells, and the selective inhibitory effect of the complex 1 at the high concentration (100 μM) is better than that at the low concentration. Morphology studies exhibited typical characteristics of cell apoptosis and the cell cycle distribution analysis indicated that the complexes can inhibit cancer cells by inducing the cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase, exhibiting a similar mechanism of action to CDDP. The binding interaction of complex with DNA has been explored by circular dichroism (CD) and UV-Vis absorption spectra, demonstrating these new complexes have moderate binding affinity for DNA.