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International journal of pharmaceutics

Antibody fragment-armed mesoporous silica nanoparticles for the targeted delivery of bevacizumab in ovarian cancer cells.


PMID 26541303

Abstract

In order to enhance the therapeutic efficacy and intracellular concentration of bevacizumab (BVC), we have designed a novel tumor endothelial marker 1 (TEM1)/endosialin (Ab-/scFv)-conjugated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) to target ovarian cancer cell. The Ab-/scFv-conjugated MSN were prepared by the conjugation of amine functional group of antibody of the carboxyl group of MSN. The resultant MSN was nanosized, spherical shaped, and exhibited a controlled release phenomenon in pH 7.4 conditions. Furthermore, BMSN/Ab was found to increase the cellular uptake and intracellular distribution of BVC in OVCAR-5 cancer cells. The Ab- conjugated MSN exhibited a superior anticancer effect with profound apoptosis in cancer cells in a time- and concentration dependent manner. Consistently, BMSN/Ab effectively inhibited the colony formation in transwell plate. Finally, BMSN/Ab showed a notable increase in the proportion of cells in G2/M phase of cell cycle indicating promising anticancer efficacy profile. Overall, Ab-/scFv-conjugated MSN might provide an effective strategy for the therapeutic management of ovarian cancers.

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