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Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

MenAfriVac as an Antitetanus Vaccine.


PMID 26553690

Abstract

The group A meningococcal conjugate vaccine, PsA-TT, uses tetanus toxoid (TT) as a carrier protein (PsA-TT). TT as a carrier protein in other conjugate vaccines is known to be immunogenic and generates a robust anti-TT response. Clinical studies in Africa assessed whether PsA-TT generated tetanus serologic responses when tested in African populations (toddlers to adults). Second, the high acceptance of PsA-TT mass immunization campaigns in the 1- to 29-year age group meant that a sizeable fraction of women of reproductive age received PsA-TT. Incidence data for neonatal tetanus were reviewed for countries with and without PsA-TT campaigns to check whether this had any impact on the incidence. PsA-TT generated robust tetanus serologic responses in 1- to 29-year-olds, similar to those expected after a booster dose of TT. Neonatal cases of tetanus fell by 25% in countries that completed PsA-TT campaigns in 1- to 29-year-olds. Although these data are not yet definitive, they are consistent with the hypothesis that improved community immunity to tetanus as a result of the PsA-TT campaigns may be having an impact on the incidence of neonatal tetanus in sub-Saharan Africa. ISRCTN17662153 (PsA-TT 001); ISRTCN78147026 (PsA-TT 002); ISRCTN87739946 (PsA-TT 003); ISRCTN46335400 (PsA-TT 003a); ISRCTN82484612 (PsA-TT 004); CTRI/2009/091/000368 (PsA-TT 005); PACTR ATMR2010030001913177 (PsA-TT 006); and PACTR201110000328305 (PsA-TT 007).