EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Nature chemistry

A labile hydride strategy for the synthesis of heavily nitridized BaTiO3.


PMID 26587718

Abstract

Oxynitrides have been explored extensively in the past decade because of their interesting properties, such as visible-light absorption, photocatalytic activity and high dielectric permittivity. Their synthesis typically requires high-temperature NH3 treatment (800-1,300 °C) of precursors, such as oxides, but the highly reducing conditions and the low mobility of N(3-) species in the lattice place significant constraints on the composition and structure-and hence the properties-of the resulting oxynitrides. Here we show a topochemical route that enables the preparation of an oxynitride at low temperatures (<500 °C), using a perovskite oxyhydride as a host. The lability of H(-) in BaTiO3-xHx (x ≤ 0.6) allows H(-)/N(3-) exchange to occur, and yields a room-temperature ferroelectric BaTiO3-xN2x/3. This anion exchange is accompanied by a metal-to-insulator crossover via mixed O-H-N intermediates. These findings suggest that this 'labile hydride' strategy can be used to explore various oxynitrides, and perhaps other mixed anionic compounds.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

635050
LSAT, single crystal substrate, <100>, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Al10La3O51Sr14Ta7