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FEBS letters

Targeting cholesterol with β-cyclodextrin sensitizes cancer cells for apoptosis.


PMID 26606906

Abstract

We found that targeting cholesterol with beta-cyclodextrin (bCD) and its derivatives disrupted signal transduction between PI3K and AKT, attenuating AKT pro-survival signals. In their absence, 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) caused anti-apoptotic protein Mcll to dissociate from pro-apoptotic Bak at mitochondria. Normally Bak is sequestered by its inhibitory associations with Mcll and Bcl-xL, and only when Bak is released from both, is it free to form oligomers through which cytochrome c can escape into the cytosol. Thus an addition of a bcl-2 antagonist dissociates Bak from Bcl-xL, triggering cytochrome c release and inducing apoptosis. 2DG-bCD can also sensitize type II cancer cells for TRAIL-mediated apoptosis.