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Journal of colloid and interface science

Enhanced catalytic activity of the surface modified TiO2-MWCNT nanocomposites under visible light.


PMID 26669495

Abstract

Fusing multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with TiO2 at the nano-scale level promotes the separation of those electron-hole charges generated upon UV and daylight irradiation. In this study, we investigated facile sonochemical synthesis, combined with the calcination process for the preparations of TiO2-MWCNT composites with different mole ratios of titanium and carbon. In order to produce stable nano dispersions we exploited an innovative biotechnology-based approach for the covalent functionalizations of TiO2-MWCNTs with in-situ synthesized soluble phenoxazine dye molecules. The none and functionalized TiO2-MWCNTs composites were analyzed by a range of analytical techniques including XRD, Raman, XPS, SEM and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). The photocatalytic activity was evaluated toward the liquid-phase degradation of MB in aqueous solution under both UV and visible light irradiation. TiO2-MWCNTs with optimized mole ratio exhibit much higher photocatalytic activity and stability than bare TiO2. The as-prepared TiO2-MWCNTs photocatalyst possessed good adsorptivity of dyes, extended light absorption range and efficient charge separation properties simultaneously. The results indicated that the soluble phenoxazine dyes and amino-benzenesulfonic acid monomers were covalently grafted on to the surfaces of TiO2-MCNTs, which promoted good aquatic dispersibility and extended light absorption, resulting in increased photocatalytic efficiency.

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