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American journal of translational research

Inhibition of microRNA-1 attenuates hypoxia/re-oxygenation-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes by directly targeting Bcl-2 but not GADD45Beta.


PMID 26692938

Abstract

MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that are able to regulate gene expression and play important roles in some biological and pathological processes, including the myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Recent findings demonstrated that miR-1 exacerbated I/R-induced injury. This study was to investigate theanti-apoptotic property of miR-1 inhibition and the potential regulatory mechanism. Results showed miR-1 expression reduced in the heart of rats undergoing myocardial I/R and the cardiomyocytes receiving hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury, but the serum miR-1 expression increased. The targets of miR-1 were predicted by cDNA microarray, and Bcl-2 and GADD45β were selected as candidate targets. Western blot assay and qPCR showed Bcl-2 and GADD45β protein and mRNA expressions increased after I/R injury and H/R injury. Bcl-2 was a direct target of miR-1 as shown in previous studies. Luciferase assay and Western blot assay revealed GADD45β was a direct target of miR-1, and miR-1 suppressed GADD45β expression via binding to its 3'UTR. Furthermore, miR-1 inhibition increased Bcl-2 expression and reduced IA/AAR (infarct area/area at risk) ratio and cell apoptosis in rats undergoing myocardial I/R as well as in cardiomyocytes receiving H/R injury. Importantly, Bcl-2 knockdown restored these consequences following miR-1 inhibition. However, GADD45β knockdown reduced IA/AAR ratio and cell apoptosis in vivo and in vitro, but failed torestore above consequences after miR-1 inhibition. In conclusion miR-1 inhibition protects against H/R-induced apoptosis of myocytes by directly targeting Bcl-2 but not GADD45β.