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Molecular carcinogenesis

Oroxylin A inhibits invasion and migration through suppressing ERK/GSK-3β signaling in snail-expressing non-small-cell lung cancer cells.


PMID 26741501

Abstract

Snail is closely linked to tumor invasion, metastasis, and recurrence and indicates prognosis of patients suffering from cancer. Overexpression of Snail increases motility and invasiveness of cancer cells, which has become target for anti-metastatic treatment. Oroxylin A, a natural compound extracted from Scutellaria radix, has been reported to inhibit invasion and migration in breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the anti-invasive effect of oroxylin A on lung cells and uncovered its underlying mechanism. The results suggested that oroxylin A could inhibit migration and invasion in Snail-expressing 95-D, and A549 cells whereas it had little effect on non-expressing GLC-82 cells. Furthermore, enhanced Snail expression after transfection of Snail vector in GLC-82 cells is decreased by oroxylin A. Snail can also induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition. We found oroxylin A could reverse TGFβ1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition by inhibiting Snail expression. As a result, oroxylin A up-regulated E-cadherin expression and down-regulated vimentin, MMP-9, and CD44v6 expression, which could lead to the inhibition of tumor migration and invasion. Mechanically, we demonstrated that oroxylin A suppressed activation of ERK instead of AKT pathway and then promoted activation of GSK-3β to reduce Snail protein content. Finally, we established transplanted, metastatic, and orthotopic models of A549 cells, and found that oroxylin A inhibited the growth and lung metastasis of A549 cells in vivo. Taken together, we proposed that oroxylin A might be a promising candidate targeting tumor metastasis. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.