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Experimental cell research

The effects of LSD1 inhibition on self-renewal and differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells.


PMID 26748182

Abstract

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are capable of unlimited self-renewal and can generate nearly all cells in the body. Changes induced by different LSD1 activities on the regulation of hiPSC self-renewal and differentiation and the mechanism underlying such changes were determined. We used two different LSD1 inhibitors (phenelzine sulfate and tranylcypromine) and RNAi technique to inhibit LSD1 activity, and we obtained hiPSCs showing 71.3%, 53.28%, and 31.33% of the LSD1 activity in normal hiPSCs. The cells still maintained satisfactory self-renewal capacity when LSD1 activity was at 71.3%. The growth rate of hiPSCs decreased and cells differentiated when LSD1 activity was at approximately 53.28%. The hiPSCs were mainly arrested in the G0/G1 phase and simultaneously differentiated into endodermal tissue when LSD1 activity was at 31.33%. Teratoma experiments showed that the downregulation of LSD1 resulted in low teratoma volume. When LSD1 activity was below 50%, pluripotency of hiPSCs was impaired, and the teratomas mainly comprised endodermal and mesodermal tissues. This phenomenon was achieved by regulating the critical balance between histone methylation and demethylation at regulatory regions of several key pluripotent and developmental genes.

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