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Biomacromolecules

Hydrogel for Simultaneous Tunable Growth Factor Delivery and Enhanced Viability of Encapsulated Cells in Vitro.


PMID 26762290

Abstract

Poor cell survival in vitro and in vivo is one of the key challenges in tissue engineering. Prosurvival therapeutic proteins, such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), can promote cell viability but require controlled delivery systems due to their short half-lives and rapid clearance. Biocompatible materials are commonly used for drug delivery platforms or to encapsulate cells for increased viability, but few materials have been used for both applications simultaneously. In this work, we present a dual-use platform. A blend of hyaluronan and methylcellulose, known to promote cell survival, was covalently modified with Src homology 3 (SH3)-binding peptides and demonstrated tunable, affinity-based release of the prosurvival fusion protein SH3-IGF-1. The material also significantly increased the viability of retinal pigment epithelium cells under anchorage-independent conditions. This novel platform is applicable to a broad range of cells and protein therapeutics and is a promising drug delivery/cell transplantation strategy to increase the viability of both exogenous and endogenous cells in tissue engineering applications.

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