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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Trans10, cis12 conjugated linoleic acid inhibits 3T3-L1 adipocyte adipogenesis by elevating β-catenin levels.


PMID 26780430

Abstract

Trans-10, cis-12 (t10-c12) CLA treatment reduces lipid accumulation in differentiating mouse and human adipocytes, and decreases fat mass in mice, yet the mechanism of action remains unknown. This study investigated the effect of the cis-9, trans-11 (c9-t11) and t10-c12 CLA isomers on the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, which has been reported to inhibit adipogenesis by down-regulating PPARγ. We observed that t10-c12 CLA treatment of 3T3-L1 adipocytes increases the levels of β-catenin and Ser-675 phosphorylated β-catenin due to inhibition of its degradation. These changes in β-catenin were not linked to either the Wnt/β-catenin agonist Wnt10b or other upstream effectors such as SFRP-5. Paradoxically, the presence of higher amounts of β-catenin did not elevate cyclin D1 levels, which is recognized as a critical target gene. Neither of the CLA isomers affected the localization of β-catenin in the cytosol and nucleus as determined by immunofluorescence microscopy. However, subcellular fractionation suggested the level of cytosolic β-catenin was reduced in t10-c12 CLA treated cells. Immunoprecipitation revealed that t10-c12 CLA increased the interaction of β-catenin and PPARγ. t10-c12-CLA inhibits adipocyte differentiation by increasing β-catenin stability in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, thus enhancing sequestration of PPARγ in an inactive complex, which prevents progression of adipogenesis.

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