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Atherosclerosis

RVX-208, a BET-inhibitor for treating atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, raises ApoA-I/HDL and represses pathways that contribute to cardiovascular disease.


PMID 26868508

Abstract

High density lipoproteins (HDL), through activity of the main protein component apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) by removing excess cholesterol from atherosclerotic plaque. In this study, we demonstrate that the bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) inhibitor RVX-208 increases ApoA-I gene transcription and protein production in human and primate primary hepatocytes. Accordingly, RVX-208 also significantly increases levels of ApoA-I, HDL-associated cholesterol, and HDL particle number in patients who received the compound in recently completed phase 2b trials SUSTAIN and ASSURE. Moreover, a post-hoc analysis showed lower instances of major adverse cardiac events in patients receiving RVX-208. To understand the effects of RVX-208 on biological processes underlying cardiovascular risk, we performed microarray analyses of human primary hepatocytes and whole blood treated ex vivo. Overall, data showed that RVX-208 raises ApoA-I/HDL and represses pro-inflammatory, pro-atherosclerotic and pro-thrombotic pathways that can contribute to CVD risk.