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Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine

A preliminary study for novel use of two Mg alloys (WE43 and Mg3Gd).


PMID 26968757

Abstract

In this study, two types of magnesium alloys (WE43 and Mg3Gd) were compared with Heal-All membrane (a biodegradable membrane used in guided bone regeneration) in vitro to determine whether the alloys could be used as biodegradable membranes. Degradation behavior was assessed using immersion testing with simulated body fluid (SBF). Microstructural characteristics before and after immersion were evaluated through scanning electron microscopy, and degradation products were analyzed with energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). To evaluate the biocompatibility of the three types of materials, we performed cytotoxicity, adhesion, and mineralization tests using human osteoblast-like MG63 cells. Immersion testing results showed no significant difference in degradation rate between WE43 and Mg3Gd alloys. However, both Mg alloys corroded faster than the Heal-All membrane, with pitting corrosion as the main corrosion mode for the alloys. Degradation products mainly included P- and Ca-containing apatites on the surface of WE43 and Mg3Gd, whereas these apatites were rarely detected on the surface of the Heal-All membrane. All three type of materials exhibited good biocompatibility. In the mineralization experiment, the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of 10 % Mg3Gd extract was significantly higher than the extracts of the two other materials and the negative control. This study highlighted the potential of these Mg-REE alloys for uses in bone regeneration and further studies and refinements are obviously required.