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Journal of the science of food and agriculture

Mannanase Man23 mutant library construction based on a novel cell-free protein expression system.


PMID 27611871

Abstract

Mannanases are important enzymes which are widely used as a tool in agriculture and food industries. To improve the performance of mannanase Man23, a mutant library was created with rational design, and mutations were introduced on loops around the catalytic region. The Brevibacillus brevis B16 cell-free system which was created in this experiment provided the ability to express the mutant library efficiently. The activities of mutants were measured with a multi-volume spectrophotometer. The mutant Man1606 gained from this system is a sextet which has mutations of N146G, S147H, S156P, T157Y, Q206S and T249H simultaneously on loops 6, 8 and 10. Man1606 showed higher activity and stability than Man23. The optimal temperature of Man1606 rose by 5 °C (from 55 to 60 °C) and the optimal pH increased slightly but its range became broader. This experiment demonstrated the B. brevis cell-free system shortens the expression time and is an efficient tool for mannanase engineering. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

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