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Journal of animal science

Kinetics of phosphorus absorption in ligated small intestinal segments of broilers.


PMID 27695808

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted using 22-d-old Arbor Acres male broilers to study the kinetics of inorganic P absorption and the effect of P treatment on Type IIb sodium-phosphate cotransporter (NaP-IIb) mRNA and protein levels in ligated segments from different intestinal regions. In Exp. 1, the P absorption in different small intestinal segments at different postperfusion times (0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, or 40 min) were compared. In Exp. 2, different small intestinal loops were perfused with solutions containing 0, 1.5, 3, 6, 12, 24, or 48 mmol P/L as KHPO, and P concentrations in perfusates were determined at 20 min after perfusion. The mRNA levels of NaP-IIb in different small intestinal loops and protein expression levels in the duodenums from the control group and the 6 or 48 mmol P/L group were analyzed. The results from Exp. 1 showed that P absorption increased in an asymptotic response to postperfusion time within 40 min in all the intestinal segments and P absorption was greater ( < 0.04) in the duodenum than in the other 2 segments at 20 min after perfusion, indicating that the duodenum is the main site of P absorption in the small intestine of chicks. In Exp. 2, the kinetic curves showed that P absorption in the duodenum was a saturated carrier mediated process and in the jejunum or ileum occurred with a nonsaturated diffusion process. In addition, the b mRNA levels were greater ( < 0.0001) in the duodenum than in the other 2 segments in the 3 groups (0, 6, or 48 mmol P/L), further indicating that P absorption in the duodenum occurred mainly by a saturated carrier mediated process. However, no significant differences ( = 0.20) in the NaP-IIb protein levels of the duodenum were observed among the 0, 6, and 48 mmol P/L groups. In conclusion, this study suggests by our criteria in ligated intestinal loops that the duodenum is the main site of P absorption and that P absorption may be a saturated carrier mediated process in the duodenum but a nonsaturated diffusion process in the jejunum or ileum of broilers.