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Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]

Breast cancer cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells: a regulated modulation of the breast tumor in the context of immune response.


PMID 27783097

Abstract

The role of direct cell-cell interactions mediating selective bone metastasis by breast cancer cells (BCCs) niche is still mostly unknown. Conditioned medium and direct cell-cell contacts experiments were used to investigate the effect of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), osteoprogenitor-like cells (MG-63) and osteosarcoma cells (SaOS-2) on luminal-like (MCF-7) and basal-like (MDA-MB-231) BCCs flow cytometry was used to assess the purity of isolated BCCs and osteoblasts. Expression of osteoblastic markers was investigated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. RANKL and OPG levels were measured by ELISA. Conditioned medium from MSCs and osteoblasts induced the expression of osteoblastic markers in BCCs. While co-culture assays with SaOS-2 increased the expression of osteoblastic markers in MCF-7 cells, SaOS-2 cell conditioned medium increased the expression of RANKL, PTHrP, VEGF and NOGGIN in MCF-7 cells. Co-cultures with either MG-63 cells or MSCs induced OPG and MMP-2 in both tumor cell lines. Interestingly, conditioned medium from co-cultures of MSCs and MDA-MB-231 cells significantly decreased the proliferation of activated T lymphocytes which was reversed by addition of anti-OPG antibodies to the co-cultures. Our data suggest that MSCs strongly contribute to the adaptation and invasiveness of breast cancer cells in skeletal tissues.