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Translational stroke research

Early Erythrolysis in the Hematoma After Experimental Intracerebral Hemorrhage.


PMID 27783383

Abstract

Erythrolysis occurs in the clot after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and the release of hemoglobin causes brain injury, but it is unclear when such lysis occurs. The present study examined early erythrolysis in rats. ICH rats had an intracaudate injection of 100xa0μl autologous blood, and sham rats had a needle insertion. All rats had T2 and T2* magnetic response imaging (MRI) scanning, and brains were used for histology and CD163 (a hemoglobin scavenger receptor) and DARPP-32 (a neuronal marker) immunohistochemistry. There was marked heterogeneity within the hematoma on T2* MRI, with a hyperintense or isointense core and a hypointense periphery. Hematoxylin and eosin staining in the same animals showed significant erythrolysis in the core with the formation of erythrocyte ghosts. The degree of erythrolysis correlated with the severity of perihematomal neuronal loss. Perihematomal CD163 was increased by day 1 after ICH and may be involved in clearing hemoglobin caused by early hemolysis. Furthermore, ICH resulted in more severe erythrolysis, neuronal loss, and perihematomal CD163 upregulation in spontaneously hypertensive rats compared to Wistar-Kyoto rats. In conclusion, T2*MRI-detectable early erythrolysis occurred in the clot after ICH and activated CD163. Hypertension is associated with enhanced erythrolysis in the hematoma.