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ChemMedChem

Optimization of Acryloylphenylcarboxamides as Inhibitors of ABCG2 and Comparison with Acryloylphenylcarboxylates.


PMID 27785905

Abstract

ABCG2 belongs to the superfamily of ATP binding cassette (ABC) proteins and is associated with the limited success of anticancer chemotherapy, given its responsibility for the cross-resistance of tumor cells, known as multidrug resistance (MDR). Several classes of ABCG2 inhibitors were developed for increasing the efficacy of chemotherapy. A series of chalcones coupled to an additional aromatic residue was synthesized and investigated for their inhibition of ABC transporters. In our previous work we determined the preferred position of the linker on the A-ring to be ortho, and found several substitution patterns at the additional ring that improved potency. In this study we investigated whether a methoxy group that improved the inhibitory activity of chalcones would also be beneficial for the acryloylphenylcarboxamide scaffold. Indeed, this modification led to highly potent ABCG2 inhibitors. To support the hypothesis of a beneficial effect of the amide linker, six acryloylphenylcarboxylates were synthesized and investigated for their inhibitory activity. Replacement of the amide linker with an ester group resulted in decreased inhibition. Molecular modeling showed that the conformational preference of both series differs, thereby explaining the positive effect of the amide linker. Several compounds were characterized in detail by investigating their intrinsic cytotoxicity and capacity to reverse MDR in MTT assays and their effect on vanadate-sensitive ATPase activity.

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