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Nature cell biology

Tissue mechanics promote IDH1-dependent HIF1α-tenascin C feedback to regulate glioblastomaxa0aggression.


PMID 27820599

Abstract

Increased overall survival for patients with glioma brain tumours is associated with mutations in the metabolic regulator isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1). Gliomas develop within a mechanically challenged microenvironment that is characterized by a dense extracellular matrix (ECM) that compromises vascular integrity to induce hypoxia and activate HIF1α. We found that glioma aggression and patient prognosis correlate with HIF1α levels and the stiffness of a tenascin C (TNC)-enriched ECM. Gain- and loss-of-function xenograft manipulations demonstrated that a mutant IDH1 restricts glioma aggression by reducing HIF1α-dependent TNC expression to decrease ECM stiffness and mechanosignalling. Recurrent IDH1-mutant patient gliomas had a stiffer TNC-enriched ECM that our studies attributed to reduced miR-203 suppression of HIF1α and TNC mediated via a tension-dependent positive feedback loop. Thus, our work suggests that elevated ECM stiffness can independently foster glioblastoma aggression and contribute to glioblastoma recurrence via bypassing the protective activity of IDH1 mutational status.

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