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Journal of immunological methods

Increased proportion of B cell hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies of desired specificity in cultures containing macrophage-derived hybridoma growth factor (IL-6).


PMID 2783446

Abstract

The addition of macrophage feeder cells or conditioned medium has been shown to increase the yield of murine hybridomas obtained after the fusion of myeloma cells and activated B lymphocytes. It has been shown recently that the conditioned medium contains a growth factor (HGF) active on newly formed hybridomas and that the human HGF is similar to B cell stimulatory factor 2 which can induce the synthesis of antibodies in transformed B cells. We have compared in several fusion experiments the stimulatory effects of HGF both on the yield of hybridomas and on the number of antibody-secreting hybridomas. The results obtained clearly showed that while the stimulatory effect of HGF on the yield of growth-positive wells was variable and sometimes barely detectable, the proportion of growth-positive wells containing monoclonal antibodies was consistently much higher in the HGF-containing cultures. These results suggest that the majority of the antibody-secreting newly formed hybridomas are sensitive to HGF and indicate that HGF is a very useful culture supplement for the generation of a high number of antibody-producing hybridomas even if it may not increase significantly the yield of viable hybridomas.

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11138600001 Interleukin-6, human (hIL-6), recombinant (E. coli)