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Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology

Jagged1/Notch3 Signaling Modulates Hemangioma-Derived Pericyte Proliferation and Maturation.


PMID 27941324

Abstract

The Notch signaling pathway has been implicated in the pericyte phenotype, but its exact roles in hemangioma-derived pericytes (Hem-pericytes) remain ill defined. Hem-pericytes were stimulated by immobilized recombinant Jagged1. The potential mechanisms of Notch-induced Hem-pericytes growth arrest were investigated by cell cycle assay, and the role of the Notch in promoting Hem-pericyte maturation was also analyzed by real-time PCR and western blot. Activation of Notch3 in Hem-pericytes significantly reduced cell proliferation and inhibited cell cycle transition. This event was associated with an increase in the levels of p21Cip1. Knockdown of p21Cip1 resulted in a significant rescue of Notch-induced cell growth arrest and an entry into the cell cycle. We showed that Jagged1 activation of Notch3 signaling upregulated the expression of the pericyte contractile markers smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (smMHC) and α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA), concomitant with an increase in the expression of myocardin in Hem-pericytes. We further revealed that the endothelial-derived Jagged1 modulated the Hem-pericyte phenotype via a contact-dependent mechanism. Our results demonstrated that Jagged1 activation of Notch3 resulted in a significant decrease in cell proliferation while concomitantly promoting Hem-pericyte maturation. These data provide initial evidence that Notch induces a quiescent phenotype in Hem-pericytes.

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