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Intracellular Progesterone Receptor Mediates the Increase in Glioblastoma Growth Induced by Progesterone in the Rat Brain.


PMID 27986121

Abstract

Progesterone (P) is a steroid hormone involved in the development of several types of cancer including astrocytomas, the most common and malignant brain tumors. We undertook this study to investigate the effects of P on the growth and infiltration of a tumor caused by the xenotransplant of U87xa0cells derived from a human astrocytoma grade IV (glioblastoma) in the cerebral cortex of male rats and the participation of intracellular progesterone receptor (PR) on these effects. Eight weeks after the implantation of U87xa0cells in the cerebral cortex, we administered phosphorothioated antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) to silence the expression of PR. This treatment lasted 15xa0days and was administered at the site of glioblastoma cells implantation using Alzet osmotic pumps. Vehicle (propylene glycol) or P4 (400xa0μg/100xa0g) was subcutaneously injected for 14xa0days starting 1xa0day after the beginning of ODN administration. We observed that P significantly increased glioblastoma tumor area and infiltration length as compared with vehicle, whereas PR antisense ODNs blocked these effects. P, through the interaction with PR, increases the area and infiltration of a brain tumor formed from the xenotransplant of human glioblastoma-derived U87xa0cells in the cerebral cortex of the rat.