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Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

Effects of testosterone on mean arterial pressure and aquaporin (AQP)-1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 expressions in the kidney of orchidectomized, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats.


PMID 28024836

Abstract

We hypothesized that higher blood pressure in males than females could be due to testosterone effects on aquaporin (AQP) expression in kidneys. Orchidectomized adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats received seven days subcutaneous testosterone treatment (125xa0μg/kg/day or 250xa0μg/kg/day), with or without flutamide or finasteride. Following completion of treatment, MAP was determined in rats under anaesthesia via carotid artery cannulation. In another cohort of rats, kidneys were removed following sacrifice and AQP-1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 protein and mRNA levels were determined by Western blotting and Real-time PCR respectively. Distribution of AQP subunits' protein in the nephrons were visualized by immunofluorescence. Testosterone caused MAP, AQP-1, 2, 4, 6 and 7 protein and mRNA levels in kidneys to increase while AQP-3 protein and mRNA levels in kidneys to decrease (pxa0