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Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association

Inflammatory pain-related traits of sensory DRG neurons innervating the hip joints.


PMID 28025021

Abstract

Hip pain is transmitted to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord via the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), which contains two types of neurons with differential sensitivity to neurotrophic factors. If either type predominantly innervates the hip joint, it may represent a good target for hip joint pain treatment. Inflammation was induced in the left hip joint of rats (nxa0=xa010) by using complete Freund's adjuvant. Fluoro-Gold (FG) was applied to the hip joint after 7 days, and T12-L6 DRGs were double-stained for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and isolection-IB4 1 week later. FG-labeled neurons in the control group were distributed throughout the left DRG from T13 to L5, primarily in L2 to L4, and CGRP-positive neurons were significantly more frequent than IB4-binding neurons. In the inflammatory group, FG-labeled neurons were similarly distributed, primarily at L3 and L4, and CGRP-positive neurons were significantly more frequent than IB4-binding neurons. The percentage of CGRP-positive neurons was significantly greater in the inflammatory group (Pxa0