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Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH

C-type lectin-like receptor 2 promotes hematogenous tumor metastasis and prothrombotic state in tumor-bearing mice.


PMID 28028907

Abstract

Essentials The role of C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) in cancer progression is unclear. CLEC-2-depleted mouse model is generated by using a rat anti-mouse CLEC-2 monoclonal antibody. CLEC-2 depletion inhibits hematogenous tumor metastasis of podoplanin-expressing B16F10 cells. CLEC-2 depletion prolongs cancer survival by suppressing thrombosis and inflammation. Background C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) is a platelet activation receptor of sialoglycoprotein podoplanin, which is expressed on the surface of certain types of tumor cells. CLEC-2-podoplanin interactions facilitate hematogenous tumor metastasis. However, direct evidence of the role of CLEC-2 in hematogenous metastasis and cancer progression is lacking. Objective and methods We generated immunological CLEC-2-depleted mice by using anti-mouse CLEC-2 monoclonal antibody 2A2B10 and investigated whether CLEC-2 promoted hematogenous tumor metastasis and tumor growth and exacerbated the prognosis of mice bearing podoplanin-expressing B16F10 melanoma cells. Results Our results showed that hematogenous metastasis was significantly inhibited in CLEC-2-depleted mice. B16F10 cells co-cultured with wild-type platelets, but not with CLEC-2-deficient platelets, showed increased proliferation. However, B16F10 cell proliferation was not inhibited in CLEC-2-depleted mice. Histological analysis showed that thrombus formation in tumor vessels was significantly inhibited and functional vessel density was significantly increased in CLEC-2-depleted mice. These data suggest that CLEC-2 deficiency may inhibit thrombus formation in tumor vessels and increase the density of functional vessels, thus improving oxygen and nutrient supply to tumors, indirectly promoting tumor proliferation. Furthermore, the overall survival of CLEC-2-depleted mice was significantly prolonged, which may be due to the suppression of thrombus formation in the lungs and subsequent inhibition of systemic inflammation and cachexia. Conclusions These data provide a rationale for the targeted inhibition of CLEC-2 as a new strategy for preventing hematogenous tumor metastasis and for inhibiting cancer-related thromboembolism.