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Mechanisms of ageing and development

Autophagy induction reduces telomerase activity in HeLa cells.


PMID 28043814

Abstract

Autophagy is a cellular homeostatic process whereby damaged proteins and organelles are encapsulated into double membrane vesicles, called autophagosomes, for lysosomal digestion. Beclin1 plays a key role in the initial steps of autophagosome formation. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Beclin 1 overexpression in induction of autophagy and the relationship between autophagy induction and telomerase activity in HeLa cells. We found that overexpression of Beclin 1 in HeLa cells leads to autophagosome formation as shown by intracellular autophagosomal marker LC3-II staining. Expression of Beclin1 reduced telomerase activity for about 100 fold compared with the control while it did not affect TERT expression level. The results of cell cycle analysis indicated that the cell cycle and proliferation progressed normally up to 48h post-transfection. Understanding the role of autophagy induction and telomerase in the pathophysiology of aging and human cancer reveal new strategies that hold much promise for intervention and therapeutic uses.