EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)

Designing new iridium(iii) arene complexes of naphthoquinone derivatives as anticancer agents: a structure-activity relationship study.


PMID 28138683

Abstract

A series of iridium(iii) arene complexes of naphthoquinone derivatives of the formula [Ir(III)(η(6)-L1)(L2)(3,5-(NO2)2pcyd)](PF6) (L1 = p-methylphenyl)ethynylferrocene; L2 = Lap: lapachol, 1, Plum: plumbagin, 2, Law: lawsone, 3, and Jug: juglone, 4; 3,5-(NO2)2pcyd = 3,5-dinitrophenylcyanamide) have been synthesized and investigated for their suitability as potential anticancer drugs. The DNA-binding interactions of the complexes with calf thymus DNA have been studied by absorption, emission, and viscosity measurements. Their cytotoxicity against the cancer cell lines including colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29), liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG-2), breast (MCF-7), colon carcinoma (HCT-8), and ovary (A2780) is reported. Remarkably, almost all complexes exhibit significant cytotoxic effects towards HepG-2, MCF-7, and HCT-8 cancer cell lines and complex 1 emerged as the most cytotoxic derivative in comparison with other complexes. The complexes 1-4 increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in MCF-7 cells. The new compounds also inhibit the enzyme thioredoxin reductase activity at nanomolar concentrations. Furthermore, the complexes induce major levels of cancer cell death by apoptosis that is in correlation with activity in cytotoxicity studies.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

P7262
Plumbagin from Plumbago indica
C11H8O3