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Research in veterinary science

The regulation effects of danofloxacin on pig immune stress induced by LPS.


PMID 28159239

Abstract

Danofloxacin (DAN) is one of the Fluoroquinolone drugs (FQs) that has been widely used in the control and prevention of bacterial infectious disease in animal production. Most of the FQs have an obvious protective effect against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced Immune stress. However, the effect of DAN on the host immune system of animals remains unknown. In this study, a fever piglet model was built and a systematic survey of the response of inflammatory genes and mediators to DAN treatment and LPS induction was performed in the pig. The results indicated that the IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, NO (nitric oxide), and PGE2 (prostaglandin E2) levels were significantly suppressed in plasma and porcine alveolar macrophage 3D4/2 cells compared with the LPS treatment group. Interestingly, the IL-10 production was further stimulated by DAN treatment in the LPS challenged piglet. Our results suggested that DAN could relieve acute inflammation through inhibiting the activation of inflammatory genes introduced by LPS.