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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Distinct C-mannosylation of netrin receptor thrombospondin type 1 repeats by mammalian DPY19L1 and DPY19L3.


PMID 28202721

Abstract

Thrombospondin type 1 repeats (TSRs) occur in diverse proteins involved in adhesion and signaling. The two extracellular TSRs of the netrin receptor UNC5A contain WxxWxxWxxC motifs that can be C-mannosylated on all tryptophans. A single C-mannosyltransferase (dumpy-19, DPY-19), modifying the first two tryptophans, occurs in Caenorhabditis elegans, but four putative enzymes (DPY-19-like 1-4, DPY19L1-4) exist in mammals. Single and triple CRISPR-Cas9 knockouts of the three homologs that are expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells (DPY19L1, DPY19L3, and DPY19L4) and complementation experiments with mouse homologs showed that DPY19L1 preferentially mannosylates the first two tryptophans and DPY19L3 prefers the third, whereas DPY19L4 has no function in TSR glycosylation. Mannosylation by DPY19L1 but not DPY19L3 is required for transport of UNC5A from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. In vertebrates, a new C-mannosyltransferase has apparently evolved to increase glycosylation of TSRs, potentially to increase the stability of the structurally essential tryptophan ladder or to provide additional adhesion functions.