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Journal of geriatric cardiology : JGC

Liraglutide directly protects cardiomyocytes against reperfusion injury possibly via modulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis.


PMID 28270843

Abstract

Liraglutide is glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist for treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our previous studies have demonstrated that liraglutide protects cardiac function through improving endothelial function in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The present study will investigate whether liraglutide can perform direct protective effects on cardiomyocytes against reperfusion injury. In vitro experiments were performed using H9C2 cells and neonatal rat ventricular cadiomyocytes undergoing simulative hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) induction. Cardiomyocytes apoptosis was detected by fluorescence TUNEL. Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was assessed by JC-1 and DHE, respectively. Fura-2/AM was used to measure intracellular Ca(2+) concentration and calcium transient. Immunofluorescence staining was used to assess the expression level of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2a). In vivo experiments, myocardial apoptosis and expression of SERCA2a were detected by colorimetric TUNEL and by immunofluorescence staining, respectively. In vitro liraglutide inhibited cardiomyotes apoptosis against H/R. ΔΨm of cardiomyocytes was higher in liraglutide group than H/R group. H/R increased ROS production in H9C2 cells which was attenuated by liraglutide. Liraglutide significantly lowered Ca(2+) overload and improved calcium transient compared with H/R group. Immunofluorescence staining results showed liraglutide promoted SERCA2a expression which was decreased in H/R group. In ischemia/reperfusion rat hearts, apoptosis was significantly attenuated and SERCA2a expression was increased by liraglutide compared with H/R group. Liraglutide can directly protect cardiomyocytes against reperfusion injury which is possibly through modulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis.

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