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An Innovative Approach for Enhancing Bone Defect Healing Using PLGA Scaffolds Seeded with Extracorporeal-shock-wave-treated Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells (BMSCs).


PMID 28272494

Abstract

Although great efforts are being made using growth factors and gene therapy, the repair of bone defects remains a major challenge in modern medicine that has resulted in an increased burden on both healthcare and the economy. Emerging tissue engineering techniques that use of combination of biodegradable poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and mesenchymal stem cells have shed light on improving bone defect healing; however, additional growth factors are also required with these methods. Therefore, the development of novel and cost-effective approaches is of great importance. Our in vitro results demonstrated that ESW treatment (10 kV, 500 pulses) has a stimulatory effect on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMSCs). Histological and micro-CT results showed that PLGA scaffolds seeded with ESW-treated BMSCs produced more bone-like tissue with commitment to the osteogenic lineage when subcutaneously implanted in vivo, as compared to control group. Significantly greater bone formation with a faster mineral apposition rate inside the defect site was observed in the ESW group compared to control group. Biomechanical parameters, including ultimate load and stress at failure, improved over time and were superior to those of the control group. Taken together, this innovative approach shows significant potential in bone tissue regeneration.

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