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Scientific reports

Complement C3 of the innate immune system secreted by muscle adipogenic cells promotes myogenic differentiation.


PMID 28279023

Abstract

Myogenic differentiation results in different cell type cooperation, but the molecules involved in the myogenic cell activation remain elusive. Here, we show that muscle-resident pre-adipocytes promote myogenic differentiation through the secretion of factors. Using proteomic and transcriptomic analyses, we identified that proliferative adipogenic lineage cells produce and secrete a key factor of the innate immune system, the complement C3. Cell culture experiments revealed that C3 promotes the differentiation of myogenic progenitors following internalisation of the immune molecule. These data demonstrate that the third component of the complement system, which is a pivotal factor in the immune response to pathogens, is also involved in the differentiation of myogenic progenitor cells.