EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

Novel dental adhesive with triple benefits of calcium phosphate recharge, protein-repellent and antibacterial functions.


PMID 28356216

Abstract

A new adhesive containing nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) with calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) ion rechargeability was recently developed; however, it was not antibacterial. The objectives of this study were to: (1) develop a novel adhesive with triple benefits of Ca and P ion recharge, protein-repellent and antibacterial functions via dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) and 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC); and (2) investigate dentin bond strength, protein adsorption, Ca and P ion concentration, microcosm biofilm response and pH properties. MPC, DMAHDM and NACP were mixed into a resin consisting of ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate (EBPADMA), pyromellitic glycerol dimethacrylate (PMGDM), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and bisphenol A glycidyl dimethacrylate (BisGMA). Protein adsorption was measured using a micro bicinchoninic acid method. A human saliva microcosm biofilm model was tested on resins. Colony-forming units (CFU), live/dead assay, metabolic activity, Ca and P ion concentration and biofilm culture medium pH were determined. The adhesive with 5% MPC+5% DMAHDM+30% NACP inhibited biofilm growth, reducing biofilm CFU by 4 log, compared to control (p<0.05). Dentin shear bond strengths were similar (p>0.1). Biofilm medium became a Ca and P ion reservoir having ion concentration increasing with NACP filler level. The adhesive with 5% MPC+5% DMAHDM+30% NACP maintained a safe pH>6, while commercial adhesive had a cariogenic pH of 4. The new adhesive with triple benefits of Ca and P ion recharge, protein-repellent and antibacterial functions substantially reduced biofilm growth, reducing biofilm CFU by 4 orders of magnitude, and yielding a much higher pH than commercial adhesive. This novel adhesive is promising to protect tooth structures from biofilm acids. The method of using NACP, MPC and DMAHDM is promising for application to other dental materials to combat caries.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

234451
1-Bromohexadecane, 97%
C16H33Br