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European review for medical and pharmacological sciences

Effects of ZEB1 on regulating osteosarcoma cells via NF-κB/iNOS.


PMID 28387915

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is one common malignant bone tumors, as it frequently has invasion, metastasis and recurrence, causing unfavorable prognosis of patients. Osteosarcoma has complicated pathogenesis, which has not been elucidated fully. Therefore, the identification of effective molecular target of osteosarcoma onset can help to improve treatment efficacy and prognosis of osteosarcoma. Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) protein is one member of zinc finger E-box binding protein family, and participates in embryonic genesis and development. A recent study found the participation of ZEB1 in mediating multiple tumor onset and its up-regulation of osteosarcoma. The regulatory mechanism of ZEB1 in osteosarcoma has not been illustrated yet. In vitro cultured osteosarcoma MG-63 cells were transfected with ZEB1 siRNA. Real-time PCR and Western blot were tested for ZEB1 mRNA/protein expression. MTT was used to test MG-63 cell proliferation, whilst cell invasion was used to describe the effect of ZEB1 on MG-63 cells. Caspase-3 activity assay was employed to test MG-63 cell apoptosis. Western blot was employed to detect nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression. After transfecting with ZEB1 siRNA, MG-63 cell proliferation or invasion was inhibited accompanied with lower ZEB1 mRNA/protein expression. Caspase3 activity was also increased after transfection (p < 0.05), along with down-regulation of NF-kB and iNOS proteins in MG-63 cells (p < 0.05). Inhibition of ZEB1 can facilitate osteosarcoma cell apoptosis and inhibit cell proliferation or invasion via down-regulating NF-kB/iNOS signal pathway.

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