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FEBS letters

The pathway intermediate 2-keto-3-deoxy-L-galactonate mediates the induction of genes involved in D-galacturonic acid utilization in Aspergillus niger.


PMID 28417461

Abstract

In Aspergillus niger, the enzymes encoded by gaaA, gaaB, and gaaC catabolize d-galacturonic acid (GA) consecutively into l-galactonate, 2-keto-3-deoxy-l-galactonate, pyruvate, and l-glyceraldehyde, while GaaD converts l-glyceraldehyde to glycerol. Deletion of gaaB or gaaC results in severely impaired growth on GA and accumulation of l-galactonate and 2-keto-3-deoxy-l-galactonate, respectively. Expression levels of GA-responsive genes are specifically elevated in the ∆gaaC mutant on GA as compared to the reference strain and other GA catabolic pathway deletion mutants. This indicates that 2-keto-3-deoxy-l-galactonate is the inducer of genes required for GA utilization.