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The Journal of biological chemistry

Mechanism of inhibition of herpes simplex virus (HSV) ribonucleotide reductase by a nonapeptide corresponding to the carboxyl terminus of its subunit 2. Specific binding of a photoaffinity analog, [4'- azido-Phe6] HSV H2-6(6-15), to subunit 1.


PMID 2846533

Abstract

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) ribonucleotide reductase activity is specifically inhibited by a synthetic peptide, Tyr-Ala-Gly-Ala-Val-Val-Asn-Asp-Leu (HSV H2-(7-15], corresponding to the carboxyl terminus of its subunit 2 (H2). In order to elucidate the mechanism of action of the nonapeptide a photoreactive analog, [4'-azido-Phe6]HSV H2-(6-15), was synthesized. The photoaffinity probe inhibits HSV ribonucleotide reductase activity, and when radioiodinated, it specifically labeled three viral proteins of 144, 95, and 85 kDa. We demonstrated by immunoprecipitation of the 144- and 95-kDa photolabeled proteins with antibodies specific to subunit 1 (H1) of HSV ribonucleotide reductase that the nonapeptide interacts with H1 and probably with its degradation products. Moreover, we obtained evidence that this specific binding is directly responsible for the ribonucleotide reductase inhibition.

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