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PloS one

Tonic suppression of PCAT29 by the IL-6 signaling pathway in prostate cancer: Reversal by resveratrol.


PMID 28467474

Abstract

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men. A better understanding of the molecular basis of prostate cancer proliferation and metastasis should enable development of more effective treatments. In this study we focused on the lncRNA, prostate cancer associated transcript 29 (PCAT29), a putative tumor suppressive gene. Our data show that the expression of PCAT29 was reduced in prostate cancer tumors compared to paired perinormal prostate tissues. We also observed substantially lower levels of PCAT29 in DU145 and LNCaP cells compared to normal prostate (RWPE-1) cells. IL-6, a cytokine which is elevated in prostate tumors, reduced the expression of PCAT29 in both DU145 and LNCaP cells by activating signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). One downstream target of STAT3 is microRNA (miR)-21, inhibition of which enhanced basal PCAT29 expression. In addition, we show that resveratrol is a potent stimulator of PCAT29 expression under basal condition and reversed the down regulation of this lncRNA by IL-6. Furthermore, we show that knock down of PCAT29 expression by siRNA in DU145 and LNCaP cells increased cell viability while increasing PCAT29 expression with resveratrol decreased cell viability. Immunohistochemistry studies showed increased levels of STAT3 and IL-6, but low levels of programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4), in prostate tumor epithelial cells compared to adjacent perinormal prostate epithelial cells. These data show that the IL-6/STAT3/miR-21 pathway mediates tonic suppression of PCAT29 expression and function. Inhibition of this signaling pathway by resveratrol induces PCAT29 expression and tumor suppressor function.

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EHU122051 MISSION® esiRNA, esiRNA human STAT3 (esiRNA1)