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Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine

Effect of Cytokines on the Formation Tube-Like Structures by Endothelial Cells in the Presence of Trophoblast Cells.


PMID 28577098

Abstract

Despite ample data on cytokine secretion in the uteroplacental interface, the influence of microenvironment cells, in particular, trophoblast cells on angiogenesis and the role of cytokines in this process remain poorly studied. We studied the influence of cytokines on the formation of tube-like structures by endothelial cells in the presence of trophoblast cells and showed that trophoblast cells suppressed the angiogenic potential of endothelial cells. Antiangiogenic cytokines IFN-γ, IL-10, TNF-α, and TGFβ via modulation of trophoblast cells stimulated the formation of tube-like structures by endothelial cells. In the co-culture of endothelial and trophoblast cells, the effects of cytokines changed and they gained additional regulatory functions.

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