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Molecular pharmacology

Homogeneous uridine kinase from Ehrlich ascites tumor: substrate specificity and inhibition by bisubstrate analogs.


PMID 3016499

Abstract

Uridine kinase has been purified to homogeneity from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. For the phosphate acceptor site, the enzyme shows substrate specificity only for ribopyrimidine nucleosides and is active with various analogs that have limited structural alterations; both endocyclic and exocyclic substituents can be acceptable. Of nucleosides that have been used in the chemotherapy of cancer, 5-fluorouridine, 6-azauridine, and 3-deazauridine are good substrates, whereas arabinosylcytosine is a poor substrate. No analogs are better substrates than the physiological substrates uridine and cytidine. 5', 5''' -P1, P4-Bisnucleoside oligophosphate bisubstrate analogs (e.g., Ap4U, Ap5U) were synthesized and tested as inhibitors. The most effective compound was Ap4U; with a Ki of 197 microM, it bound more tightly than ATP but no better than uridine. Ap3A, Ap4A, and Ap5A were also tested, with the result that both Ap4A and Ap4U were most effective, suggesting that this size of bisubstrate analog most closely approaches the spacing of the catalytic site.