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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Selective labeling of functional groups on membrane proteins or glycoproteins using reactive biotin derivatives and 125I-streptavidin.


PMID 3085669

Abstract

Amino groups, sulfhydryl groups or oxidation-induced aldehydes on erythrocyte membrane proteins and/or glycoproteins, were reacted with biotinyl N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (BNHS), 3-(N-maleimido-propionyl) biocytin (MPB) or biocytin hydrazide (BCHZ), respectively. The detergent-lysed biotinylated samples were subjected to SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and the proteins were transferred onto nitrocellulose membranes. The blot was then incubated with a solution containing 125I-streptavidin, and processed for autoradiography. The advantages of this approach over previously reported procedures for labeling the three functional groups include the following: extremely high sensitivity; short exposure times of autoradiograms and relatively low levels of radioactivity; single-step radiolabeling procedures subsequent to processing and handling of gels and no background labeling in control samples.

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63183
N-(3-Maleimidopropionyl)biocytin, ≥75% (HPLC)
C23H33N5O7S