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Carcinogenesis

Inhibition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-mediated epidermal ornithine decarboxylase induction and skin tumor promotion by new lipoxygenase inhibitors lacking protein kinase C inhibitory effects.


PMID 3094975

Abstract

Both 2,3,5-trimethyl-6-(12-hydroxy-5,10-dodecadiynyl)-1,4-benzoquinone (AA861) and 3,4,2',4'-tetrahydroxychalcone inhibited 12-lipoxygenase of mouse epidermis. The IC50 of AA861 and 3,4,2',4'-tetrahydroxychalcone for epidermal 12-lipoxygenase were 1.9 and 0.2 microM, respectively. These agents showed very weak inhibitory actions on epidermal cyclooxygenase, with the potency of inhibition for cyclooxygenase less than 1/50 of that for lipoxygenase. Induction of epidermal ornithine decarboxylase by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA; 10 nmol/mouse) was potently inhibited by these agents in a dose-dependent manner (1-30 mumol/mouse). TPA (5 nmol/mouse)-induced skin tumor formation was also strongly suppressed by these agents (15 mumol/mouse). Both AA861 and 3,4,2',4'-tetrahydroxychalcone failed to inhibit partially purified epidermal protein kinase C activity. These results support the proposed involvement of lipoxygenase product(s) of arachidonic acid in TPA-induced skin tumor promotion.

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