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Journal of clinical microbiology

Rapid automated method for screening of enteric pathogens from stool specimens.


PMID 3553230

Abstract

A total of 800 colonies suggestive of Salmonella, Shigella, or Yersinia species isolated on stool differential agar media were inoculated onto both conventional biochemical test media (triple sugar iron agar, urea agar, and phenylalanine agar) and Entero Pathogen Screen cards of the AutoMicrobic system (Vitek Systems, Inc., Hazelwood, Mo.). Based on the conventional tests, the AutoMicrobic system method yielded the following results: 587 true-negatives, 185 true-positives, 2 false-negatives, and 26 false-positives (sensitivity, 99%; specificity, 96%). Both true-positive and true-negative results were achieved considerably earlier than false results (P less than 0.001). The Entero Pathogen Screen card method is a fast, easy, and sensitive method for screening for Salmonella, Shigella, or Yersinia species. The impossibility of screening for oxidase-positive pathogens is a minor disadvantage of this method.

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