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Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

Effect of vancomycin hydrochloride on Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm associated with silicone elastomer.


PMID 3619420

Abstract

Peritonitis is a major complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Relapsing peritonitis after the cessation of antimicrobial therapy is frequently reported and often involves Staphylococcus epidermidis. To investigate the potential role of catheter-associated biofilm in the pathogenesis of relapsing peritonitis, we describe an in vitro model permitting the development of an S. epidermidis biofilm on silicone elastomer biomaterial. This model has been used to investigate the ability of vancomycin hydrochloride to kill biofilm-encased organisms by using an antibiotic regimen typical of peritonitis therapy. No significant differences were seen between vancomycin-exposed and control groups in biofilm viable and total cell counts after 10 days. Vancomycin-exposed silicone-associated biofilm populations decreased by only 0.5 log10 CFU/cm2 over the study period. MICs and MBCs for the original S. epidermidis suspension were 3.125 and 6.25 micrograms/ml, respectively. For biofilm homogenate suspensions, MICs were 3.125 micrograms/ml, but MBCs were greater than 400 micrograms/ml. These data indicate that the biofilm organisms associated with an indwelling peritoneal catheter may display a form of tolerance, thereby suggesting one possible mechanism behind relapsing peritonitis.

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