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Biochemistry

Inactivation of general acyl-CoA dehydrogenase from pig kidney by 2-alkynoyl coenzyme A derivatives: initial aspects.


PMID 4084503

Abstract

Pig kidney general acyl-CoA dehydrogenase is rapidly, stoichiometrically, and irreversibly inactivated by the acetylenic thio ester 2-octynoyl coenzyme A (2-octynoyl-CoA). The inhibitor binds initially to the dehydrogenase with a 10-nm red shift and increased resolution of the flavin chromophore, followed by the generation of a charge-transfer complex between some form of the bound inhibitor and oxidized flavin (lambda max 800 nm; epsilon app = 4.5 mM-1 cm-1; k1 = 1.07 min-1, at pH 7.6, 25 degrees C). The rate of formation of the long wavelength band is increased markedly with increasing pH (pKapp = 7.9). This intermediate then decays with release of about 0.6 mol of CoASH at pH 7.6, yielding a final form with a spectrum typical of bound oxidized flavin. Both irreversible inactivation and covalent modification of the protein occur prior to the decay of the long wavelength species. The modified dehydrogenase is not reduced on prolonged anaerobic incubation with the substrate octanoyl-CoA. The inactive enzyme is unusually resistant to dithionite reduction but may be readily photoreduced via the blue semiquinone to the dihydroflavin form. This reduced enzyme is rapidly reoxidized by electron-transferring flavoprotein, the physiological electron acceptor of the dehydrogenase. General acyl-CoA dehydrogenase is also inactivated by 2-pentynoyl- and 2-pentadecynoyl-CoA with formation of an 800-nm band of lower intensity and by propiolyl-CoA, phenylpropiolyl-CoA, and 2-octynoylpantetheine without the appearance of detectable intermediate species. These data are compared with the behavior of acyl-CoA dehydrogenases toward mechanism-based inactivators carrying an acetylene function at C-3, e.g., 3-butynoyl-CoA.