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Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems

Disposition and metabolism of amosulalol hydrochloride, a new combined alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor blocking agent, in rats, dogs and monkeys.


PMID 6149657

Abstract

The disposition and metabolism of amosulalol hydrochloride, a combined alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor blocking agent, were studied in rats, dogs and monkeys. After oral administration of [14C]amosulalol hydrochloride, the plasma concentration of radioactivity reached a maximum at 0.5 to 1 h in all species and declined with half-lives of about 2 h in both rats and monkeys, and of about 4 h in dogs. The ratios of unchanged drug to total radioactivity in the rat and dog plasma were 8 and 43% at 0.5 h after administration, respectively. The radioactivity in the rat tissues was high in the liver, kidney, blood and pancreas after oral administration. Following oral dosage, the urinary excretion of radioactivity was 26-34% of the dose in rats, 45% in dogs and 46% in monkeys in 48 h. The biliary excretion after oral dosage amounted to 66% and 41% in rats and dogs, respectively. Six metabolites were isolated and identified from the urine of rats and dogs. They were derived from one or two of the following pathways: I, hydroxylation of the 2-methyl group of the methylbenzenesulphonamide ring; II, demethylation of the o-methoxy group of the methoxyphenoxy ring; III, hydroxylation at the 4 or 5 position of the methoxyphenoxy ring; IV, oxidative cleavage of the C-N bond yielding o-methoxyphenoxy acetic acid. Moreover, some metabolites were metabolized to glucuronide or sulphate.

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455733
(2-Methoxyphenoxy)acetic acid, 98%
C9H10O4