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The Journal of biological chemistry

Selective inhibition of acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase by compound 58-035.


PMID 6693397

Abstract

Compound 58-035 (3-[decyldimethylsilyl]-N-[2-(4-methylphenyl)-1-phenylethyl]pro panamide) has been found to inhibit the accumulation of cholesteryl esters in both rat hepatoma (Fu5AH) cells and arterial smooth muscle cells in culture. To explore the specificity of 58-035, we have studied the esterification of cholesterol, retinol, and glycerides by the Fu5AH cell and by isolated membranes. Exposure of Fu5AH to cholesterol/phospholipid dispersions and 58-035 (greater than 100 ng/ml) for 24 h resulted in greater than 95% inhibition of cholesterol esterification while cellular free cholesterol increased slightly. Inhibition was also rapid; incorporation of [3H]oleate into cholesteryl [3H]oleate equaled only 12% of control value after 30 min with 58-035 at 5 micrograms/ml. In contrast, there was no decrease in [3H]oleate incorporation into phospholipids or diglycerides, nor was the esterification of [3H]retinol inhibited by 58-035. In microsomal fractions, acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase could be inhibited completely by 58-035, while activities of acyl-CoA: retinol acyltransferase and triglyceride synthesis proceeded at 75-100% of control values. These observations that 58-035 is highly selective allow the inference that acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase is a separate microsomal enzyme whose activity can be modulated independently from acyl-CoA:retinol acyltransferase and other cellular acyltransferases.

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