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British journal of pharmacology

Suppression of VEGF-induced angiogenesis by the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor, lavendustin A.


PMID 7533611

Abstract

1. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a heparin-binding angiogenic factor which specifically acts on endothelial cells via distinct membrane-spanning tyrosine kinase receptors. Here we used the rat sponge implant model to test the hypothesis that the angiogenic activity of VEGF can be suppressed by protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors. 2. Neovascular responses in subcutaneous sponge implants were determined by measurements of relative sponge blood flow by use of a 133Xe clearance technique, and confirmed by histological studies and morphometric analysis. 3. Daily local administration of 250 ng VEGF165 accelerated the rate of 133Xe clearance from the sponges and induced an intense neovascularisation. This VEGF165-induced angiogenesis was inhibited by daily co-administration of the selective PTK inhibitor, lavendustin A (10 micrograms), but not its negative control, lavendustin B (10 micrograms). Blood flow measurements and morphometric analysis of 8-day-old sponges showed that lavendustin A reduced the 133Xe clearance of VEGF165-treated sponges from 32.9 +/- 1.5% to 20.9 +/- 1.6% and the total fibrovascular growth area from 62.4 +/- 6.1% to 21.6 +/- 6.8% (n = 12, P < 0.05). 4. Co-injection of suramin (3 mg), an inhibitor of heparin-binding growth factors, also suppressed the VEGF165-elicited neovascular response. In contrast, neither lavendustin A nor suramin produced any effect on the basal sponge-induced angiogenesis. 5. When given alone, low doses of VEGF165 (25 ng) or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF; 10 ng) did not modify the basal sponge-induced neovascularisation. However, co-administration of these two peptides to a single sponge together caused a significant increase in the rate of 133Xe clearance and angiogenesis similar to that seen with the high dose of VEGF165 (250 ng) acting alone. This VEGF/bFGF neovascular response was also blocked by daily co-administration of lavendustin A (10 jig),suramin (3 mg) or a monoclonal anti-bFGF antibody (DG2, I jig), but not lavendustin B (10 g).6 These results suggest that selective inhibition of PTK could have therapeutic potential in angiogenic diseases where VEGF plays a dominant role. Furthermore, blockade of the angiogenic activity of VEGF and VEGF,/bFGF by suramin reveals an alternative strategy in angio suppression.