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Molecular pharmacology

Analysis of selective binding epitopes for the kappa-opioid receptor antagonist nor-binaltorphimine.


PMID 7541509

Abstract

The structural determinants for the selective binding of the nonpeptide opioid receptor antagonist nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) to the kappa-opioid receptor were characterized using a systematic series of chimeras between the kappa receptor and the homologous mu-opioid receptor. All 10 chimeric constructs bound the nonselective antagonists (-)-naloxone and diprenorphine with similar affinities, as did the two wild-type receptors. Introduction of amino-terminal segments of increasing length, extending to and including transmembrane segment VI, from the mu receptor into the kappa receptor did not impair the high affinity binding of nor-BNI, and neither did introduction of the intracellular carboxyl-terminal extension of the mu receptor. In contrast, nor-BNI binding was impaired > or = 600-fold in constructs in which extracellular loop 3 and transmembrane segment VII originated from the mu receptor. The exchange of a single residue within this region, Glu297, for lysine, the corresponding residue from the mu receptor, reduced the binding affinity of nor-BNI 142-fold, without affecting the binding the nonselective compounds (-)-naloxone and diprenorphine. It is concluded that the selective binding of nor-BNI to the kappa-opioid receptor is determined by nonconserved residues located in extracellular loop 3 and transmembrane segment VII and that Glu297, located just outside transmembrane segment VI, plays a major role in the kappa-selective binding characteristics of nor-BNI.

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B109
nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride, solid
C40H43N3O6 · 2HCl