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The Biochemical journal

Localization of Ca(2+)-dependent conformational changes of calretinin by limited tryptic proteolysis.


PMID 7772048

Abstract

Calretinin is an EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding protein expressed predominantly in some neurons. We have found that the tryptic digestion pattern of rat recombinant calretinin depends on Ca2+ concentration as determined by SDS/PAGE, amino-acid-sequence analysis and electrospray-ionization MS. Ca(2+)-saturated calretinin was cleaved between amino acids 60 and 61 to yield two fragments, which accumulated during cleavage. Small amounts of the larger fragment (amino acid residues 61-271) were further cleaved from the C-terminal end. Ca(2+)-free calretinin was also cleaved between residues 60 and 61; however, under the latter conditions the fragment 61-271 was further cleaved from the N-terminal end. Native rat calretinin was cleaved by trypsin in a similar Ca(2+)-dependent fashion. All identified fragments of recombinant calretinin bound 45Ca2+ on nitrocellulose filters, although to a different extent. The 61-271 fragment was released by EGTA from an octyl-agarose column in a manner similar to intact calretinin, while fragment 61-233 was not eluted by EGTA. These observations show that there are trypsin cleavage sites in calretinin that are available regardless of Ca2+ binding, other sites that are completely protected against trypsin on Ca(2+)-binding and sites which become partially available on Ca(2+)-binding. Together these data show that calretinin changes its conformation on Ca2+ binding and identify the regions which are exposed in apo and Ca(2+)-bound form.

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